Brick has been with us since the ancient times. First brick started being manufactured in Mesopotamia in the Old World from where it spread to neighboring areas: Asia Minor, Persia and Greece. In the very beginning, the brick was manufactured in a very primitive fashion and until the beginning of the last century the process hasn't changed much. The varieties included dried, baked and glazed brick. With the development of industrial revolution in the late 18th and early 19th century, the real progress in brick making has started. As the manufacturing process developed and as the quality of the product became more constant, the role of human work still remained crucial.
In the last sixty years, the brick changed significantly. With the progress of technology, the production became more automatic, which lead to a significant increase in quality, quantity and the assortment of brick products.
As the influence of global brick absorbs the heat during the day and slowly releases it during the night, so as to balance the interior temperature between night and day. Brick wall acts as a natural air conditioning system. Brick material is porose, letting gasses through, which allows the brick wall to breathe. Well baked brick is resistant to freezing which makes it a durable material in the wall and on facades, and almost everlasting in the ground. The impaction of brick is one of the least valued characteristics of the material. However, the significant mass of brick in comparison with lighter materials contributes to the sound isolation and protects the residents from outside noise. This results in a comfortable and healthy living and working surroundings which has a steady temperature throughout the year.
Maintenance and care for the brick objects are virtually unnecessary. With reasonable maintenance, a brick wall can last forever. Remortaring may be required after 70 years, but apart from this, there is no need for regular maintenance. Moreover, brick ages gracefully and its lines soften with time. The brick is even more precious if it is old and previously used. It is one of the rare materials known to man which is completely tried out and tested.
Without a doubt, the durability of brick is one of its best characteristics. The energy used is negligible in the context of the durability of the building. Brick buildings are also adjustable to changes in the lifestyle. Modifications and annexes are often effective, without changing the original appearance of the building. Durable buildings are achieved by good design, good materials and capabilities for later adaptations. Brick is often the material of choice so as to blend in the surroundings, especially in the surroundings with valuable objects. Adaptability of the brick during construction means that it can be used both as a beautiful façade, and a great bearing material.
Some of the most famous architects in the world are already using brick as their "muse". Brick is their inspiration and they have started designing new shapes, proportions and styles which are based on using brick as the main façade material. Brick offers inspiration in the diversity of the very product in its color, texture and shape, and in with combination with other materials such as steel or concrete, the brick gets a whole new dimension which establishes it as the very pinnacle of contemporary architectural achievements.